Drywall 101::Texture Types and Techniques

Texture groups

Drywall texture styles can be grouped into two categories based on their method of application. Some textures are applied manually with basic hand tools. These are referred to as hand applied drywall textures. Drywall textures that require a machine to spray texture material onto a prepared surface are referred to as sprayer applied drywall textures. Spray textures cannot be reproduced effectively without the use of a machine.

Hand Applied Drywall Textures

Hand drywall textures are limited only by the tradesman's imagination. Some textures are applied with a pan and knife or a hawk and trowel. Some drywall textures make use of special brushes to stomp or swirl patterns in the mud. At times drywall mud is applied to drywall surface using a paint roller or high powered paint sprayer. Brushes or knives or rollers are then used to create patterns in the mud. Hand drywall textures can vary greatly depending on the skill level or techniques used. Even when using similar techniques, two different tradesmen can produce very different drywall texture styles.

Check out the following links for more information on individual types of drywall texture as well as images of various drywall texture styles and tips on how to apply drywall texture.

Sprayer Applied Drywall Textures

Check out the following links for more information on drywall textures that are applied with an electric or gas powered sprayer.

Drywall texture sprayers come in many different brands, shapes and sizes. They generally consist of a hopper for the texture material, which is pumped from the hopper through a long hose, and an air compressor. The texture pump on smaller machines may be a diaphragm pump driven by compressed air or another style pump driven by an electric motor. Larger spray rigs have gas or diesel powered motors that run both the texture material pump and the air compressor. Internal combustion engines that run the larger texture rigs are able to pump more material over greater distances which allows for higher quality drywall texture jobs.

Texture mud is pumped through a long hose to a gun operated by hand triggers. The texture gun causes drywall mud and compressed air to meet and spray onto the drywall surface to create a texture. The type of drywall texture is determined by the type of drywall texture material used, the size and type of nozzle on the texture gun and the amount of compressed air introduced into the mud.

Though smooth wall is not technically considered a type of drywall texture, it is another option for finishing drywall walls. For more information on how to create smooth walls please read this article. It discusses in detail how to roll skim drywall surfaces. The industry recognizes a classification of levels to outline the best procedure to use for creating smooth walls. Smooth wall usually requires a level five finish.

Matching drywall texture is difficult because of the various methods and tools used. Here are five tips for matching drywall texture. If you follow these tips you can ensure that your drywall texture will match seamlessly with the surrounding drywall texture.

Certain textures are better suited for walls than ceilings. Please read this article to learn more about which types of textures are best for walls or ceilings.